Thursday, May 30, 2013

Lungs, the List and the 10-year-old


I don’t know much about organ transplantation, though I’m learning during a current study with colleagues on the Community Ethics Committee of selection criteria for pediatric transplant recipients. 

Before this study began, much of what I knew was learned one morning several years ago at Seattle Children’s Hospital. I was angry and getting angrier at the unfairness of my 8-year-old daughter having to wait for surgery to implant the tubes that would deliver chemo, other drugs, blood and eventually the stem cells that would save her life. My daughter was anxious and hungry, and I was angry at the delay. 

But something more pressing had come up for the surgeon. Something more important than my daughter and her merely life-threatening illness.

Turned out, a heart had become available, and was delivered by helicopter in the middle of the night. One child’s death gave another child another chance, and got us bumped from first on the surgeon’s morning list. It wasn’t fair, but nothing is fair in organ transplant, where you only get to the top of the list if you’re about to die, and then there may not even be an organ available when you need it. And God forbid something else goes wrong with your body, because that can get you dropped from the list or never placed on it in the first place.

Another insight into fairness and transplant came via friends in Los Angeles, whose only child I had watched grow up before moving east. I visited them at the hospital when she was born, before the cystic fibrosis diagnosis. We lost contact. Then, when I heard from them again, it was to inform me that their daughter had died. She’d made it to high school graduation, but not much longer. She was on the waiting list for a lung transplant when she died. Cystic fibrosis hadn’t left her alone for a moment for 18 years. Her parents put everything they had into that child, but only new lungs could save her, and they weren’t available.

I think about them in reading about the change.org signature drive to get the system run under contract with Department of Health and Human Services by the United Network for Organ Sharing to change the policy that separates children from teens/adults. Adult lungs are less suitable for children, must be modified, and success rates decrease. 

Missing from the signature drive, in support of the anguished parents and their desperately needy 10-year-old, is the fact of just how scarce lungs are. The need is much greater than the supply. 

If this current signature drive succeeds, and this precious 10-year-old manages to get on the adult list and then to receive new lungs, someone else will not get those lungs. And that person, or someone else down the list, will die. Probably without a signature drive.

That doesn’t seem fair, but it could arguably be considered just, and the media coverage might inspire increased donations.

Much of the online dialogue about this case offers more heat than light, but one idea stood out among comments at CNN.com: “In countries where they changed organ donation from an opt-in system to an opt-out system (that is, you were assumed to be an organ donor unless you explicitly requested otherwise), organ donation increased immensely.”

See coverage of the 10-year-old’s plight here, here and here.






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